Periodontal disease is a term used for the advanced stage of gum disease. It is a condition that can have major consequences on a person's oral and general health. Periodontal disease has been linked to a variety of dental issues like strokes, heart disease and diabetes.

It can lead to the total loss of teeth, major infections and the need for painful periodontal surgery. The advanced stages of gum disease cannot be reversed like the earlier stages, but it can be contained with treatments like deep cleanings.

When periodontal treatment is needed

Gum disease should be addressed as soon as the patient begins to show symptoms. The earlier stages can be reversed with improved oral care and tartar removal, but the advanced stages can only be contained. The effects of the advanced stages can be significant, and some of the treatments available have long recovery periods.

By addressing gum disease early, patients can save themselves from unnecessary pain and treatments.

Popular reasons periodontal treatment is needed include:

1.  The patient has localized gum recession

Gum recession is one of the symptoms of periodontal disease, and it often begins in only one part of the mouth. The recession eventually spreads. It is best to treat the recession as soon as possible to prevent it from reaching other areas.

Receding gums can also be caused by other things like teeth grinding or brushing too hard. Regardless of the cause, it needs to be treated immediately.

2. The disease is advancing

A huge number of people all over the world have gingivitis, the early stage of gum disease. It can be easily reversed with proper care. However, once it advances into periodontitis, periodontal treatment is a must. The first course of treatment is often a deep cleaning that is performed by a periodontist. The patient may be given antibiotics to take if there are signs of an infection.

Failing to address gingivitis will eventually lead to periodontal disease.

3. The patient has bone loss

When gum disease makes it to the most advanced stages, the patient begins to lose bone tissue. This loosens teeth and can lead to them falling out of their sockets. A procedure called scaling and planing may be performed to help alleviate the bone loss.

If the tooth has already been badly damaged, the dentist might recommend extracting the tooth and replacing it with an implant. The dentist may also prescribe medication if the patient is showing symptoms of an infection.

When it comes to periodontitis, there is no good reason to hold off getting it treated. It is a disease that can wreak havoc on a person's smile and alter their appearance.

Patients are advised to practice good oral hygiene and protect themselves from gum disease. That means brushing twice a day, flossing daily and using a quality mouthwash. Visits to the dentist twice a year are also recommended.

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